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Dermatology, a branch in medicine, deals with the skin and hair. There are many skin conditions which can affect anyone, regardless of age. Here are five common skin conditions and their causes.

1. Acne

Acne, a common skin condition that can affect many people, is especially prevalent in puberty. Acne is caused when there is an excess of oil on the skin and a buildup of bacteria. The buildup of bacteria and oil can clog the pores and cause inflammation. This can lead to pimples and blackheads. Hormonal changes, certain medications, stress, and other factors can also cause acne.

2. Eczema

Eczema is also known as Atopic Dermatitis. It is a chronic condition that can cause dry, itchy and inflamed eyes. It is not clear what causes eczema, but it is believed to be caused by a combination environmental and genetic factor. Eczema is more common for people who have a history of asthma or allergies.

3. Psoriasis

Psoriasis refers to a chronic autoimmune disorder that causes skin to become itchy, red and scaly. The immune system attacking skin cells leads to rapid skin cell growth. Although it is not clear what causes psoriasis and how they are caused, the environmental factors as well as genetics are believed to play a role.

4. Rosacea

Rosacea refers to a chronic condition in which the skin becomes red and inflamed, particularly on the face. While the exact cause is not known, it is believed that rosacea may be linked to genetics as well as environmental factors. Rosacea is more common in those with fair skin.

5. Melasma

Melasma causes dark patches of discoloration on the skin. It is most common in the face. It’s caused by an increase in melanin production, the pigment that gives the skin color. Melasma tends to be more common in women than it is in men, particularly during pregnancy or while taking birth control pill. It can also result from hormonal changes and sun damage.

This is how the five most common dermatology conditions, Acne, Eczema (Psoriasis), Rosacea, and Rosacea can be explained. It could also be due to a combination genetics and environmental factors. Many of these conditions are related and may offer similar treatment options. Proper diagnosis and treatment are important in managing the symptoms and preventing complications. A dermatologist should be consulted if you are experiencing any of the symptoms.

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